Browse Articles


  • Article | | open

    Laser technology is rapidly developing to the point where pulse power and intensity are expected to reach such levels that new physical processes will be able to be studied for the first time. Using simulation the authors theoretically investigate the generation of high brilliance gamma rays and electron-positron pairs during extreme intense laser interaction with a specific target.

    • Yan-Jun Gu
    • , Ondrej Klimo
    • , Sergei V. Bulanov
    •  & Stefan Weber
  • Article | | open

    Atomtronics uses ultracold atoms to construct quantum analogues of electronic devices such as diodes and transistors. The authors report an atomtronic switching device by controlling boson tunnelling in a triple well system.

    • Karin Wittmann Wilsmann
    • , Leandro H. Ymai
    • , Arlei Prestes Tonel
    • , Jon Links
    •  & Angela Foerster
  • Article | | open

    Omnipresent vortices and their dynamics enrich clean two-dimensional superconducting systems with striking features. The authors experimentally investigate the Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless transition and the Bose metal phase in 1T-MoS2.

    • Chithra H. Sharma
    • , Ananthu P. Surendran
    • , Sangeeth S. Varma
    •  & Madhu Thalakulam
  • Article | | open

    Diffraction experiments using high energy X-rays are used to determine molecular structures at high resolution, and with new free electron lasers diffraction experiments on non-crystalline samples are becoming achievable. The authors present a statistical method to identify hit events in flash X-ray imaging experiments of macromolecular complex and demonstrate it on RNA polymerase data.

    • Alberto Pietrini
    • , Johan Bielecki
    • , Nicusor Timneanu
    • , Max F. Hantke
    • , Jakob Andreasson
    • , N. Duane Loh
    • , Daniel S. D. Larsson
    • , Sébastien Boutet
    • , Janos Hajdu
    • , Filipe R. N. C. Maia
    •  & Carl Nettelblad
  • Article | | open

    Parity-time symmetric systems allow one to study new types of Hamiltonians which could have potential impact on our understanding of nonlinear physics. The authors investigate the energy stored in an electronic Floquet system and demonstrate that such a setup can be used to study the dynamics of dissipative parity-time symmetric systems.

    • Roberto de J. León-Montiel
    • , Mario A. Quiroz-Juárez
    • , Jorge L. Domínguez-Juárez
    • , Rafael Quintero-Torres
    • , José L. Aragón
    • , Andrew K. Harter
    •  & Yogesh N. Joglekar
  • Article | | open

    While circular polarization-dependent optical responses in matter are being characterized experimentally and theoretically, the effect of angular momentum has largely been overlooked. In this work, the authors formulate a definition for the optical response due to both spin and orbital angular momentum of light using numerical simulations of stacked nanorods as a demonstration.

    • R. M. Kerber
    • , J. M. Fitzgerald
    • , S. S. Oh
    • , D. E. Reiter
    •  & O. Hess
  • Article | | open

    Quantum coherence represents one of the most fundamental features in quantum mechanics and is closely linked to the concept of wave-particle duality. The authors report an experimental realisation which proves the relation between coherence and path information as recently derived theoretically.

    • Jun Gao
    • , Zhi-Qiang Jiao
    • , Cheng-Qiu Hu
    • , Lu-Feng Qiao
    • , Ruo-Jing Ren
    • , Hao Tang
    • , Zhi-Hao Ma
    • , Shao-Ming Fei
    • , Vlatko Vedral
    •  & Xian-Min Jin
  • Article | | open

    For most lasing and photonic applications, it is essential to control the number of lasing modes that are present. In this work, an interface between two topologically distinct photonic crystals is used to ensure single-mode lasing with enhanced light-matter interactions due to a near-diffraction-limited mode volume.

    • Yasutomo Ota
    • , Ryota Katsumi
    • , Katsuyuki Watanabe
    • , Satoshi Iwamoto
    •  & Yasuhiko Arakawa
  • Article | | open

    For small scale biological systems such as cilia, movement is achieved by rhythmic motor patterns that organize spontaneously within arrays of driven oscillators. The authors show that conductive spheres oscillating between biased electrodes create similar traveling wave motions which can be used to direct the transport of cargo.

    • Yong Dou
    • , Shashank Pandey
    • , Charles A. Cartier
    • , Olivia Miller
    •  & Kyle J. M. Bishop
  • Article | | open

    The orbital angular momentum (OAM) of light is used in many applications and has the potential to increase the bandwidth of classical and quantum communication. The authors quantitatively investigate the way OAM is distributed between the fields of different wavelength generated from a four-wave mixing process in Rb vapour.

    • R. F. Offer
    • , D. Stulga
    • , E. Riis
    • , S. Franke-Arnold
    •  & A. S. Arnold
  • Article | | open

    The development of two-dimensional (2D) layered materials is of particular importance for future electronics applications. The authors show how Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy outperforms other characterizing techniques for wafer-scale graphene.

    • Vishal Panchal
    • , Yanfei Yang
    • , Guangjun Cheng
    • , Jiuning Hu
    • , Mattias Kruskopf
    • , Chieh-I. Liu
    • , Albert F. Rigosi
    • , Christos Melios
    • , Angela R. Hight Walker
    • , David B. Newell
    • , Olga Kazakova
    •  & Randolph E. Elmquist
  • Article | | open

    Topological spin textures called skyrmions usually occur in magnetic materials in a crystalline state. The author addresses the nature of this skyrmion crystal and other emergent crystals by considering theoretically whether they are constructed from a gathering of particles or a coupling of waves.

    • Yangfan Hu
  • Article | | open

    There has been much recent experimental and theoretical interest in the physics of ionization, in particular the question of tunneling time. In this work, the authors derive a gauge invariant definition of the instantaneous ionization rate as a functional derivative of the total ionization probability.

    • I. A. Ivanov
    • , C. Hofmann
    • , L. Ortmann
    • , A. S. Landsman
    • , Chang Hee Nam
    •  & Kyung Taec Kim
  • Article | | open

    Two-dimensional inorganic–organic hybrid perovskites are expected to play an important role in photovoltaic devices but suffer from issues related to dielectric confinement. The authors theoretically outline a method and experimentally succeed to overcome this issue by using materials with large dielectric constants.

    • Bin Cheng
    • , Ting-You Li
    • , Partha Maity
    • , Pai-Chun Wei
    • , Dennis Nordlund
    • , Kang-Ting Ho
    • , Der-Hsien Lien
    • , Chun-Ho Lin
    • , Ru-Ze Liang
    • , Xiaohe Miao
    • , Idris A. Ajia
    • , Jun Yin
    • , Dimosthenis Sokaras
    • , Ali Javey
    • , Iman S. Roqan
    • , Omar F. Mohammed
    •  & Jr-Hau He
  • Article | | open

    Glasses are ubiquitous in nature and have many uses but many open questions remain over their microscopic behaviour. The authors experimentally study glass forming liquids, measure their properties and highlight the role of thermodynamical entropy in glass transitions.

    • Bo Li
    • , Xiuming Xiao
    • , Kai Lou
    • , Shuxia Wang
    • , Weijia Wen
    •  & Ziren Wang
  • Article | | open

    A crumpled sheet of paper is a common image in many contexts but crumpling dynamics are considered a complex problem. Using Mylar sheets the authors experimentally show that the evolution of the damage network in crumpling dynamics is largely history independent and the accumulation rate of the total length of all creases can be accurately predicted.

    • Omer Gottesman
    • , Jovana Andrejevic
    • , Chris H. Rycroft
    •  & Shmuel M. Rubinstein
  • Article | | open

    Grain boundaries, the interfaces between individual crystallites which together make up a material, play a fundamental role in its physical properties. The authors develop a theory to understand the physics of thermal transport, which can be strongly influenced by grain boundaries, by considering the nanoscale structure of interfaces.

    • Riley Hanus
    • , Anupam Garg
    •  & G. Jeffery Snyder
  • Article | | open

    The standard model describes many aspects of particle physics but mechanisms such as the binding of quarks into hadrons, still remain a mystery. The authors theoretically outline an analogy with the Cooper pairs of a superinsulator to demonstrate that the mechanisms behind the infinite resistance of a superinsulator are analogous to that which confine quarks into hadrons.

    • M. C. Diamantini
    • , C. A. Trugenberger
    •  & V. M. Vinokur
  • Article | | open

    Quantum communications rely on efficient quantum networks, which have been improved by quantum memory schemes. The paper reports on an experimental progress towards a heralded single photon source using a warm vapour cell, and demonstrates the feasibility of a quantum repeater scheme at room temperature.

    • Michael Zugenmaier
    • , Karsten B. Dideriksen
    • , Anders S. Sørensen
    • , Boris Albrecht
    •  & Eugene S. Polzik
  • Article | | open

    Lamellipodial waves are a very general phenomenon observed in many cell types and is a typical phenomenon for animal cells to adhere and move along substrates. The authors present a model showing that the dynamics of these waves can be reproduced with a minimal, well-defined set of parameters.

    • Cody Reeves
    • , Benjamin Winkler
    • , Falko Ziebert
    •  & Igor S. Aranson
  • Article | | open

    Strong magnetic anisotropic effects in nanostructures are an important property for materials to be used in spintronics and magnetic data storage devices. The authors theoretically investigate a method to increase the magnetic anisotropy of iridium molecules by attaching a halogen atom such as bromine.

    • Xiaoqing Liang
    • , Xue Wu
    • , Jun Hu
    • , Jijun Zhao
    •  & Xiao Cheng Zeng
  • Article | | open

    Nanoimprinting is a technique where the surface features of a mould can be transferred onto a replica and is relevant to the production of nanostructured devices. The authors report a method that enables the imprinting of structural features of SrTiO3 single crystals at the atomic level into a replica made from bulk metallic glass.

    • Rui Li
    • , Zheng Chen
    • , Amit Datye
    • , Georg H. Simon
    • , Jittisa Ketkaew
    • , Emily Kinser
    • , Ze Liu
    • , Chao Zhou
    • , Omur E. Dagdeviren
    • , Sungwoo Sohn
    • , Jonathan P. Singer
    • , Chinedum O. Osuji
    • , Jan Schroers
    •  & Udo D. Schwarz
  • Article | | open

    The effect of spin orbit interactions on a typical BCS superconductor is becoming an important area of research for phenomena such as Majorana fermions and topological superconductivity. The authors investigate the effect of Pb clusters on the spin susceptibility of superconducting Al films via spin orbit interactions.

    • F. N. Womack
    • , P. W. Adams
    • , H. Nam
    • , C. K. Shih
    •  & G. Catelani
  • Article | | open

    Rare-earth monopnictide compounds have attracted attention for diverse physical properties such as low temperature antiferromagnetism. Here, the electronic structure of rare-earth monopnictide compounds is studied using density-functional based first-principles methods to identify the emergence of topological properties.

    • Xu Duan
    • , Fan Wu
    • , Jia Chen
    • , Peiran Zhang
    • , Yang Liu
    • , Huiqiu Yuan
    •  & Chao Cao
  • Article | | open

    Frustrated magnetic materials provide a great laboratory to study the interplay between classical order and quantum fluctuations. The authors study the frustrated magnetic ground states of two Fe spinel oxides showing that the frustration is a fluctuating characteristic that manifests itself as a “frustration wave”

    • Giuditta Perversi
    • , Angel M. Arevalo-Lopez
    • , Clemens Ritter
    •  & J. Paul Attfield
  • Article | | open

    The “faster is slower” phenomenon expresses a decrease in average velocity of a system of objects as their individual speed increases and can be used to describe a range of scenarios from microscopic particles to sheep. The authors investigate the effects of clogging and jamming in a system of paramagnetic colloids and the relation to the faster is slower phenomenon.

    • Ralph L. Stoop
    •  & Pietro Tierno
  • Article | | open

    Silicon dioxide is a crucial material in the world of photonics but aspects of its optical decay mechanisms are still not fully understood. The authors use synchrotron radiation to analyse emission processes for different types of silica and quartz and deduce by what mechanisms they may occur.

    • Alberto Paleari
    • , Francesco Meinardi
    • , Sergio Brovelli
    •  & Roberto Lorenzi
  • Article | | open

    Local temperature measurements are important in the study of quantum thermodynamics at the nanoscale. The authors report a sensor based on cyclic electron tunnelling between a quantum dot and single-electron reservoir which can be used to provide local and precise temperature measurements in nanoelectronic devices.

    • Imtiaz Ahmed
    • , Anasua Chatterjee
    • , Sylvain Barraud
    • , John J. L. Morton
    • , James A. Haigh
    •  & M. Fernando Gonzalez-Zalba
  • Article | | open

    Understanding nanoscale temperature gradients in magnetic materials and how it affects their properties can help widen their potential applications. The authors analyze the anomalous Nernst effect in magnetic tunnel junctions and report how temperature gradients influence the thermomagnetic properties in three dimensions.

    • Ulrike Martens
    • , Torsten Huebner
    • , Henning Ulrichs
    • , Oliver Reimer
    • , Timo Kuschel
    • , Ronnie R. Tamming
    • , Chia-Lin Chang
    • , Raanan I. Tobey
    • , Andy Thomas
    • , Markus Münzenberg
    •  & Jakob Walowski
  • Article | | open

    Silicon holds the promise of hosting future photonic circuitries, but its centrosymmetric crystal structure precludes the exploitation of beneficial second-order nonlinearities. The authors demonstrate that strain fields can enable such nonlinearities in silicon, showing high-speed optical modulation through the so-called Pockels effect.

    • Mathias Berciano
    • , Guillaume Marcaud
    • , Pedro Damas
    • , Xavier Le Roux
    • , Paul Crozat
    • , Carlos Alonso Ramos
    • , Diego Pérez Galacho
    • , Daniel Benedikovic
    • , Delphine Marris-Morini
    • , Eric Cassan
    •  & Laurent Vivien
  • Article | | open

    Two-dimensional surface waves play an important role in optical systems such as sensing devices. The authors experimentally and theoretically demonstrate a method for multiple self-healing surface wave beams which can help overcome issues related to reduction in signal strength when surface waves encounter obstacles during their propagation.

    • Myun-Sik Kim
    • , Andreas Vetter
    • , Carsten Rockstuhl
    • , Babak Vosoughi Lahijani
    • , Markus Häyrinen
    • , Markku Kuittinen
    • , Matthieu Roussey
    •  & Hans Peter Herzig
  • Article | | open

    Astrophysical neutrinos are ideal to probe the high energy universe. By using observations from the IceCube Observatory, the authors demonstrate that ultrahigh energy neutrinos are associated with gamma-ray bursts and explain their energy dependent speed variation as due to Lorentz violation.

    • Yanqi Huang
    •  & Bo-Qiang Ma
  • Article | | open

    Electronic properties of domain walls and skyrmions are often discussed in the language of emergent fields. The authors theoretically investigate its applicability and the promises which lie beyond, revealing the unique fingerprints of chiral magnetic textures in the orbital magnetism.

    • Fabian R. Lux
    • , Frank Freimuth
    • , Stefan Blügel
    •  & Yuriy Mokrousov
  • Article | | open

    Crystal deformation has been the subject of intense studies and debates since the discovery of dislocation in 1934. The paper presents an experimental study via electron imaging of a high entropy alloy to follow dislocation activities that lead to the dislocation avalanche occurring in the material.

    • Yang Hu
    • , Li Shu
    • , Qun Yang
    • , Wei Guo
    • , Peter K. Liaw
    • , Karin A. Dahmen
    •  & Jian-Min Zuo
  • Article | | open

    A field effect transistor is a device which can alter its electrical conductivity by application of a voltage and is an important component of modern day circuitry. The authors construct an acoustic electronic device called a phonotransistor where the conductivity can instead be altered by sound pulses.

    • Caroline L. Poyser
    • , Lianhe H. Li
    • , Richard P. Campion
    • , Andrey V. Akimov
    • , Edmund H. Linfield
    • , A. Giles Davies
    • , John E. Cunningham
    •  & Anthony J. Kent
  • Article | | open

    Machine learning techniques are increasingly expanding their capabilities of making predictions on data across a variety of fields. The authors present a machine learning based approach capable of classifying the three-dimensional spatial electromagnetic field distributions of photonic crystals.

    • Carlo Barth
    •  & Christiane Becker
  • Article | | open

    Topological photonics is a growing field with applications spanning from integrated optics to lasers. This study presents a machine learning method to solve the inverse problem that may help finding optimized solutions to engineer the topology for each specific application

    • Laura Pilozzi
    • , Francis A. Farrelly
    • , Giulia Marcucci
    •  & Claudio Conti
  • Article | | open

    Quantum memories are essential for the move towards quantum based technology such as quantum networks and computers. By exploiting spontaneous Raman scattering, the authors demonstrate a broadband quantum memory protocol that can be operated at room temperature.

    • Jian-Peng Dou
    • , Ai-Lin Yang
    • , Mu-Yan Du
    • , Di Lao
    • , Jun Gao
    • , Lu-Feng Qiao
    • , Hang Li
    • , Xiao-Ling Pang
    • , Zhen Feng
    • , Hao Tang
    •  & Xian-Min Jin
  • Article | | open

    Magnonics is gaining momentum as an emerging technology for information processing. The authors experimentally demonstrated spin-wave propagation within nanopatterned circuits based on domain walls, using time-resolved scanning transmission X-ray microscopy imaging.

    • Edoardo Albisetti
    • , Daniela Petti
    • , Giacomo Sala
    • , Raffaele Silvani
    • , Silvia Tacchi
    • , Simone Finizio
    • , Sebastian Wintz
    • , Annalisa Calò
    • , Xiaorui Zheng
    • , Jörg Raabe
    • , Elisa Riedo
    •  & Riccardo Bertacco
  • Article | | open

    The challenge of transmitting noise-free quantum optical signals needs to be overcome before they can be readily applied to quantum communication devices. The authors present a method using standard components to amplify quantum optical signals while reducing the effects of noise and maintain a high-quality, secure signal.

    • Ross J. Donaldson
    • , Luca Mazzarella
    • , Robert J. Collins
    • , John Jeffers
    •  & Gerald S. Buller
  • Article | | open

    An extreme-mass-ratio inspiral, generally consists of a stellar-mass black hole and a supermassive black hole. The authors propose an alternative scenario where the small black hole is replaced by a binary black hole, and show how likely their gravitation wave signal can be detected, simultaneously, by LISA and LIGO.

    • Xian Chen
    •  & Wen-Biao Han
  • Article | | open

    The continue advancement in accelerators instrumentation is placing increasingly stringent requirements on the measure of beam sizes. The paper discusses the development of an electron beam diagnostics for measuring sub-micron beam sizes, opening the window to sub-micrometre resolution.

    • Simona Borrelli
    • , Gian Luca Orlandi
    • , Martin Bednarzik
    • , Christian David
    • , Eugenio Ferrari
    • , Vitaliy A. Guzenko
    • , Cigdem Ozkan-Loch
    • , Eduard Prat
    •  & Rasmus Ischebeck
  • Editorial | | open

    This month marks the 1 year anniversary of opening Communications Physics for submissions. We want to take this opportunity to thank all of those who helped make the journal launch a success.

  • Article | | open

    Spin waves are promising candidates as a building block for future magnonic devices. The authors present a combined numerical and experimental study of spin-wave interferences in stacks of magnetic vortices that are efficient spin-wave emitters in the nanometre regime.

    • Carolin Behncke
    • , Christian F. Adolff
    • , Nicolas Lenzing
    • , Max Hänze
    • , Benedikt Schulte
    • , Markus Weigand
    • , Gisela Schütz
    •  & Guido Meier
  • Article | | open

    Optical frequency combs are important technology used in physics to distinguish between waves of different frequency. The authors have demonstrated experimentally and theoretically that quantum coherence of single photons with frequency comb characteristics can be induced by erasing which-path information of a pair of entangled photons.

    • Sun Kyung Lee
    • , Noh Soo Han
    • , Tai Hyun Yoon
    •  & Minhaeng Cho
  • Article | | open

    Polar semiconductor nanostructures are important for a range of electro-optical applications such as quantum information technology. The authors experimentally demonstrate an unconventional semiconductor design called an internal field guarded active region design (IFGARD) that can suppress unwanted secondary effects caused by polarity and improve device performance.

    • S. Schlichting
    • , G. M. O. Hönig
    • , J. Müßener
    • , P. Hille
    • , T. Grieb
    • , S. Westerkamp
    • , J. Teubert
    • , J. Schörmann
    • , M. R. Wagner
    • , A. Rosenauer
    • , M. Eickhoff
    • , A. Hoffmann
    •  & G. Callsen
  • Article | | open

    One of the oldest problems in elementary quantum mechanics, the exact time that it takes for a particle to tunnel, remains an open question. This paper is devoted to the tunnelling time problem and shows that the accurate measurement of the duration spent in the barrier is not possible without destroying the interference which creates the tunnelled wave packet

    • D. Sokolovski
    •  & E. Akhmatskaya
  • Article | | open

    In recent years, photonic structures that mediate the transfer of energy from a laser to a particle beam have gained interest as a way to access more compact accelerations techniques for use in a wide variety of applications. The authors investigate by numerical calculations and experimentally the effect of nonlinear pulse distortions on the operation of dielectric laser accelerators.

    • D. Cesar
    • , S. Custodio
    • , J. Maxson
    • , P. Musumeci
    • , X. Shen
    • , E. Threlkeld
    • , R. J. England
    • , A. Hanuka
    • , I. V. Makasyuk
    • , E. A. Peralta
    • , K. P. Wootton
    •  & Z. Wu
  • Article | | open

    The relationship between superconductivity and charge density waves is one of the unresolved mysteries of high temperature cuprate superconductors. The authors investigate this relationship using multilayers of cuprates and manganites for which the charge and orbital order of the latter is controlled by chemical substitution.

    • E. Perret
    • , C. Monney
    • , S. Johnston
    • , J. Khmaladze
    • , F. Lyzwa
    • , R. Gaina
    • , M. Dantz
    • , J. Pelliciari
    • , C. Piamonteze
    • , B. P. P. Mallett
    • , M. Minola
    • , B. Keimer
    • , T. Schmitt
    •  & C. Bernhard
  • Article | | open

    Adhesion plays an essential role in a large variety of processes in different fields. In this study, graphene nanoscrolls and pristine graphene are studied and compared, finding that the former presents significantly enhanced adhesion properties.

    • Hu Li
    • , Raffaello Papadakis
    • , S. Hassan. M. Jafri
    • , Thomas Thersleff
    • , Johann Michler
    • , Henrik Ottosson
    •  & Klaus Leifer